12 Creative Writing Techniques for Writers of All Levels

Last Updated on April 30, 2023 by Dr Sharon Baisil MD

Are you itching to unleash your inner storyteller, but can’t seem to find the right words or ideas? Fear not, my fellow writers! Whether you’re a seasoned novelist or just starting on your very first journal entry, we’ve got something for everyone in our bag of tricks.

Say goodbye to that pesky writer’s block and hello to an endless supply of creative inspiration! In this article, we’ll delve into 12 amazing techniques designed specifically with you in mind—yes, YOU—to help ignite that spark of innovation lurking deep within.

From character development and dialogue tips to exploring new literary devices and narrative styles, these tried-and-true methods will have those fantastic stories flowing effortlessly from your fingertips. So grab your favorite pen (or keyboard) and let’s embark on this magical journey together!

Improving Imagery

Let’s start by talking about how we can use sensory language to improve imagery in our writing. This includes adding words that evoke the five senses, like taste, touch, sight, sound, and smell. Next, let’s discuss different perspectives and how they help create deeper, more vivid descriptions. Finally, let’s explore ways to use vivid descriptions to create a more engaging story.

Using Sensory Language

Do you want to create vivid imagery in your writing that will make readers feel like they are part of the story? Then, using sensory language is key!

Sensory language refers to words and phrases that evoke sensory experiences such as sight, smell, taste, touch, and sound. By incorporating these elements into your writing, you can bring your characters and settings to life.

For example, instead of saying ‘the flowers were pretty,’ try describing them using sensory language: ‘The vibrant colors of the wildflowers danced in the breeze while their sweet fragrance filled the air.’

Don’t be afraid to experiment with different creative writing techniques when using sensory language – it’s all about finding what works best for you and your style.

Different Perspectives

Let’s take your sensory language skills to the next level by incorporating different perspectives into your writing. This creative writing technique allows you to present a bird’s eye view of the setting or use multiple characters’ points of view, adding depth and nuances to your descriptions. By doing so, you can improve imagery in ways that engage readers who have a subconscious desire for innovation.

For example, instead of merely describing how an apple tastes as ‘sweet,’ imagine experiencing it from two different perspectives: one from someone who has never tasted anything sweet before and another from someone with synesthesia, where they experience taste as color.

The first person might describe the apple as ‘an explosion of flavors on my tongue,’ while the second person may say “the redness enveloped my mouth like velvet.”

Experimenting with different perspectives is just one way to enhance sensory language techniques further. As writers, we should always be exploring new creative writing techniques to keep our work fresh and exciting!

Vivid Descriptions

Now that we’ve delved into the importance of playing with different perspectives in improving imagery, it’s time to focus on another key aspect – vivid descriptions.

As creative writers, we should strive to paint a picture for our readers using descriptive language that appeals to their senses.

This means tapping into not only sight and smell but also taste, touch, and sound.

By doing so, we can transport our readers to new worlds and make them feel as though they are part of the story themselves.

In this next subtopic, we’ll explore how you can use vivid descriptions to enhance your writing even further.

So let’s dive in!

Structure As Per Three Acts

Let’s dive into the three acts structure: Setup, Confrontation, and Resolution. We’ll look at how each action works, and how they can be used to craft a compelling story. Here’s a quick tip: use pronouns and contractions to make your writing flow naturally. You don’t want your story to feel choppy and disjointed, so keep those language tools in mind! Now let’s get started!


Are you ready to take your creative writing techniques to the next level? Then let’s dive into the first act of the three-act structure: Setup.

This is where you establish your characters, setting, and plot. It’s important to hook your readers right from the beginning with a strong opening that sets the tone for the story. Think about using vivid descriptions, sensory details, and dialogue to bring your world to life.

As you continue through this phase, create tension by introducing conflicts or obstacles that will drive the story forward. By the end of the setup, make sure your readers are invested in your characters and curious about what comes next.

So grab your pen and let’s start building a solid foundation for an unforgettable story!


Now that you have successfully set up your story’s foundation through the first act, it’s time to move on to the second act: Confrontation.

This is where the real action begins – conflicts and obstacles are at their peak as your characters face challenges and confrontations head-on.

As an instructor of creative writing, I must emphasize that this is a crucial part of any story because it drives character development and plot progression.

The key elements of creative writing come into play during this phase; make use of dialogue, sensory details, and vivid descriptions to immerse your readers in the scene.

Keep them engaged by creating tension and suspense around every corner.

Remember, confrontation isn’t always physical but can also be emotional or mental.

So get ready to take your audience on an unforgettable journey full of twists and turns!


Now that we’ve explored the second act, it’s time to wrap things up with the final act: Resolution.

This is where loose ends are tied together, questions are answered, and conflicts are resolved.

As a creative writing instructor, I must stress the importance of utilizing all your creative writing techniques during this phase.

Your readers have invested their time and emotions into your story; don’t let them down by rushing through the conclusion or leaving unanswered questions.

Remember to give each character an appropriate resolution that fits their storyline while ensuring everything ties together smoothly.

So get ready to deliver a satisfying resolution that will leave your audience feeling fulfilled and satisfied!

Writing Dialogue

Let’s start by focusing on writing engaging dialogue – this is the lifeblood of any story, so it’s important to get it right! As part of this, we’ll look at how to express character emotions through dialogue – a key element of making dialogue come alive!

Writing Engaging Dialogue

As a writer, you want your readers to be fully invested in your characters and their stories. One way to do this is by writing engaging dialogue that not only moves the plot forward but also reveals the personalities of your characters.

To achieve this, creative writing techniques such as using body language, tone, and word choice can make all the difference. By incorporating these elements into your dialogue, you give your characters depth and nuance, making them more relatable and interesting to read about.

Remember, good dialogue isn’t just about what’s being said; it’s also about how it’s being said. So don’t be afraid to experiment with different styles and voices until you find what works best for each character.

With practice and patience, writing engaging dialogue will become second nature!

Expressing Character Emotions Through Dialogue

Now that we’ve covered the basics of writing engaging dialogue, let’s dive deeper into how to use creative writing techniques to express character emotions through dialogue.

As a writer, it is crucial to make sure your characters’ emotions are conveyed effectively in their conversations with one another. This can be achieved by paying attention to details such as word choice and tone of voice. By using descriptive language and highlighting certain phrases or words, you can create an emotional impact on your readers.

Additionally, incorporating pauses or interruptions in conversation can also convey a sense of hesitation or uncertainty from your characters. Remember that every line of dialogue should serve a purpose and contribute to revealing more about your characters as individuals.

So keep experimenting with different approaches until you find the perfect balance between plot progression and emotional depth!

Crafting Characters

Let’s get started by discussing the importance of developing backstories for the characters in your story. It’s essential to create a history and context for them so they can come alive in your writing. Next, let’s talk about establishing their personality traits. This will help give your character depth and make them more believable. Lastly, we’ll discuss crafting character arcs, which will help you show how your character grows and changes throughout the story.

Developing Backstories

Imagine a world where characters come to life on the page, with unique personalities that jump off the screen and into your imagination. As an aspiring writer, you have the power to create such a world through character development.

One of the key components of crafting believable characters is developing backstories. When creating a backstory for your character, think about their past experiences, relationships, and motivations. Use these details to give depth and complexity to your character.

It’s important to remember that every person has a story, so take time when developing backstories to ensure that each character feels like a fully fleshed-out individual rather than just another name in your cast list. By taking this approach, you’ll be able to craft characters that are both realistic and captivating.

Establishing Personality Traits

Now that we have covered the importance of developing backstories for characters, let’s move on to another key aspect of crafting believable characters – establishing personality traits.

As a writer, it is your responsibility to make each character unique and memorable in their way. One of the creative writing techniques you can use to achieve this is by giving your characters distinct personalities.

This means determining how they think, act, and feel in different situations, as well as how these traits change over time. By doing so, your audience will be able to connect with your characters on a deeper level and become fully immersed in the story.

So let’s dive into the art of establishing personality traits!

Crafting Character Arc

Now that we have covered the importance of developing backstories and establishing personality traits for characters, it’s time to delve into crafting character arcs.

A character arc is a journey a character goes through throughout a story, which can be positive or negative.

As a creative writing instructor, I encourage you to use various techniques to craft compelling character arcs that keep your audience engaged and invested in your story.

By having well-developed character arcs, you allow your readers to witness the growth and development of your characters as they face challenges and overcome obstacles.

So let’s explore how crafting character arcs can elevate your storytelling and captivate your audience!

Keeping The Plot Interesting

Let’s start by talking about unexpected plot twists. Think about how you can surprise your readers by throwing in something unexpected. Next, we’ll discuss foreshadowing. This is a great way to give your readers hints about what’s to come without being too obvious. Finally, let’s focus on character development. Make sure each of your characters is distinct and three-dimensional, as this will help to keep the plot interesting.

Unexpected Plot Twists

Are you struggling to keep your plot interesting and engaging? Don’t worry; we’ve all been there.

One of the best creative writing techniques to use is introducing unexpected plot twists. These can be anything from a sudden change in a character’s personality or an unforeseen obstacle that they must overcome.

By doing this, you’ll keep your readers on their toes and make sure they stay invested in the story until the very end.

So don’t be afraid to throw a curveball now and then – it might just be what your story needs to take it to the next level!


Now that we’ve talked about the importance of unexpected plot twists, let’s discuss another essential tool in keeping your story engaging: foreshadowing.

Foreshadowing is a literary device where hints or clues are dropped throughout the story that gives readers an idea of what’s to come.

This technique not only keeps readers engaged but also adds depth and complexity to your writing.

By utilizing foreshadowing effectively, you can create a sense of anticipation and intrigue that will keep your audience hooked until the very end.

So go ahead and sprinkle those little breadcrumbs throughout your story; it might just be the key to taking your writing to the next level!

Character Development

Alright, folks, now that we’ve covered the importance of using creative writing techniques like unexpected plot twists and foreshadowing, let’s dive into another key element in keeping your readers engaged: character development.

Developing your characters is essential for a few reasons. First off, it helps create well-rounded and relatable individuals that your audience can connect with on an emotional level. Secondly, it adds depth to your story by exploring their motivations and inner conflicts. And finally, it allows you to showcase the growth and change over time.

There are many ways you can develop your characters throughout your story. From giving them unique quirks and mannerisms to delving deeper into their past experiences or relationships, there are endless possibilities for creating interesting and dynamic personalities.

So don’t neglect this important aspect of storytelling! By focusing on character development alongside unexpected plot twists and foreshadowing, you’ll be sure to keep your readers hooked from beginning to end.

Using Point Of View

Alright writers, today we’re gonna be talking about point of view – specifically, how to use first person vs third person, the difference between limited & omniscient perspectives, and how to shift your point of view. Let’s get into it!

First Person Vs Third Person

Are you struggling to decide whether to use the first person or third person in your writing? Don’t worry, this is a common challenge for many writers.

First-person can be great for allowing readers to feel more connected and invested in the protagonist’s perspective, while a third person can provide a broader view of the story and characters.

To determine which point of view would work best for your story, try out some creative writing exercises. Write a scene from both perspectives and see which one feels most natural and engaging.

Remember that there’s no right or wrong answer here – it ultimately comes down to what works best for your story and its themes. Keep experimenting with different points of view until you find the perfect match!

Limited Vs Omniscient Perspectives

So, now that we’ve discussed the pros and cons of using first person versus a third person in your creative writing techniques, let’s talk about another important aspect: limited vs omniscient perspectives.

Limited perspective means telling the story from one character’s point of view, while omniscient perspective allows the narrator to know everything happening within the story.

When it comes to choosing between these two options, it ultimately depends on what kind of story you want to tell.

Omniscient perspectives can be useful for providing readers with a more complete understanding of events and characters, while limited perspectives allow readers to experience a deeper emotional connection with one specific character.

It’s also worth noting that some stories may benefit from switching back and forth between limited and omniscient perspectives at different points throughout the narrative.

This can create an interesting dynamic where readers can see both individual experiences and larger plot developments.

So as you continue exploring different approaches to using point of view in your writing, don’t forget about this important decision between limited vs omniscient perspectives!

Keep experimenting until you find the perfect balance for your unique story.

Shifting Points Of View

Alright, now that we’ve talked about limited vs omniscient perspectives in our creative writing techniques, let’s move on to another important aspect of using point of view: shifting points of view.

This technique involves switching between different characters’ perspectives throughout the narrative. Shifting points of view can be a powerful tool for providing readers with a more nuanced understanding of events and characters. It allows us to explore multiple viewpoints and experiences, providing a richer tapestry for our stories.

However, it is important to use this technique judiciously – too much perspective-shifting can leave readers feeling disoriented or confused. So as you continue experimenting with different approaches to point-of-view in your writing, don’t forget about the potential benefits (and challenges) of shifting points of view!

Writing With Emotion

Let’s start by talking about crafting emotional characters. Think about how you can use their backstory, motivations, and physical traits to evoke an emotional response from the reader. Next, consider how to show emotion through dialogue and action. Dialogue can be a great tool for conveying a character’s innermost feelings, while action can help to further underscore those emotions. Finally, let’s explore how to develop emotional arcs. Consider how you can use different techniques to build tension, create suspense, and ultimately help your reader connect with your characters on a deeper level.

Crafting Emotional Characters

As writers, we all want to create characters that are relatable and evoke emotions in our readers. Crafting emotional characters is an essential part of writing with emotion. To do this, you need to employ creative writing techniques that go beyond just listing the emotions your character feels.

You have to show how they express their feelings through actions and dialogue. For instance, instead of having a character say ‘I’m angry,’ show them slamming doors or clenching their fists. Use sensory details like scowling faces, rapid breathing, or tears streaming down cheeks to help your reader understand what’s going on inside your character’s head.

Remember: crafting emotional characters takes practice, but it can make all the difference in creating a story that resonates with your audience.

Showing Emotion Through Dialogue And Action

Now that we’ve covered the importance of creating emotional characters, let’s talk about how to show those emotions through dialogue and action.

As writers, it’s not enough to simply tell readers what our characters are feeling; we need to demonstrate those emotions in a way that feels authentic and engaging.

This is where creative writing techniques come into play. By using descriptive language and sensory details, you can paint a vivid picture of your character’s emotional state without resorting to cliches or generic phrases.

Whether it’s through body language, facial expressions, or verbal cues, showing emotion through dialogue and action is an essential part of crafting a compelling narrative.

So let’s dive in and explore some strategies for bringing your characters’ emotions to life on the page!

Developing Emotional Arcs

Now that we’ve talked about showing emotions through dialogue and action, let’s explore the importance of developing emotional arcs for our characters.

As writers, it’s not enough to simply give a character emotion in one scene; we need to show how those emotions evolve. This requires empathy towards our characters and understanding their motivations for feeling a certain way.

By creating emotional arcs, we can take readers on a journey with our characters, building up to a climax where the emotions reach their peak.

It’s important to remember that emotional arcs don’t just happen once per story – they should be present throughout the narrative, as each event or interaction can affect a character’s feelings.

So let’s dive into some strategies for crafting emotionally charged storylines!

Incorporating Humor

Let’s start with irony and sarcasm–these are great tools for creating humorous situations. They’re both subtle and effective, so it’s important to use them judiciously. Now, let’s move on to satire, a powerful way to make a statement while having a good chuckle.

Irony And Sarcasm

Hey there, writers! Are you ready to add some spice to your writing?

Well, let’s talk about irony and sarcasm. These two techniques can take a piece of writing from ordinary to extraordinary in no time flat.

The irony is when the opposite of what is expected happens or is said. For example, if a vegetarian chef accidentally serves meat at their restaurant and then exclaims ‘well done’ to the cook who made the mistake, that’s ironic because ‘well done’ usually refers to cooking meat perfectly.

Sarcasm, on the other hand, is using language that means the opposite of what you think for humorous effect. It often involves tone and inflection when spoken aloud. For instance, saying ‘Oh yeah, I just love sitting in traffic for hours!’ with an eye roll would be sarcastic because nobody enjoys being stuck in traffic.

So go ahead and experiment with these creative tools – but remember not to overdo it or else your humor might fall flat!


Alright, writers! Now that you’ve got a handle on irony and sarcasm, let’s talk about another key element in incorporating humor into your writing: satire.

Satire is all about using exaggeration and irony to expose the absurdity of a situation or belief. This means employing figures of speech like hyperbole and understatement to create comedic effects.

For example, if you were satirizing the fashion industry, you might write about a designer who creates clothes made entirely out of garbage bags and insists they’re the latest trend.

As with irony and sarcasm, it’s important not to go overboard with your use of satire – too much can come across as mean-spirited rather than humorous. So have fun playing with these creative tools, but always remember to use them wisely!

Creating Conflict

Let’s start with Internal Conflicts – these are the struggles characters face within themselves, and can be the source of great tension in a story. To create an effective internal conflict, think about what motivates your character and what they stand to lose if they don’t overcome it. Next, let’s talk about External Conflicts – these are the struggles characters face with another character or an outside force. Consider how the conflict can be narrated from both sides, to create a compelling and believable story. Lastly, let’s discuss Story’s Purpose – why does the conflict exist? Ask yourself what the protagonist is trying to achieve, and what obstacles they must overcome to reach their goal.

Internal Conflicts

As a creative writing instructor, it is essential to teach writers how to use internal conflicts effectively in their stories.

Internal struggles are important because they add depth and complexity to characters, making them more relatable and intriguing for readers.

Creative writing techniques such as using inner monologues or exploring character flaws can help create powerful internal conflicts that will keep readers engaged.

By tapping into the emotions of your characters and presenting their psychological battles alongside external obstacles, you can build complex storylines that captivate audiences at all levels of experience with creative writing.

External Conflicts

Now that we’ve explored the importance of internal conflicts in creating compelling stories, let’s shift our focus to external conflicts.

As a creative writing instructor, I can tell you that external struggles are just as crucial in driving the plot and keeping readers engaged.

Creative writing techniques such as using vivid imagery or incorporating elements of surprise can help create powerful external conflicts that will keep your audience on their toes.

By pitting your protagonist against outside forces such as nature, society, or even other characters, you can generate tension and excitement throughout your story.

So remember, when it comes to crafting conflict, don’t forget about the power of external struggles!

Story Purpose

Now that we’ve discussed the importance of both internal and external struggles in creating conflict, let’s move on to another crucial element: story purpose.

As a creative writing instructor, I cannot stress enough how essential it is to have a clear goal or set of goals for your protagonist. Without purpose, your story can easily become directionless and lose its impact.

Creative writing techniques such as foreshadowing, symbolism, and plot twists can help you develop a strong sense of purpose throughout your narrative. By giving your character something to strive for and obstacles to overcome along the way, you can keep readers engaged and invested in the outcome.

So remember to always keep the story purpose at the forefront of your mind when crafting conflict – it will make all the difference in creating an innovative and captivating tale.

Writing Description

As writers, we have the power to transport our readers to different worlds through the use of imaginative language and vivid descriptions. Writing description is a crucial element in creative writing techniques as it allows us to create an immersive experience for our audience.

One way to enhance your descriptive writing skills is by using adjectives that paint a clear picture in the reader’s mind. When describing a scene or character, choose adjectives that evoke strong emotions and sensory experiences. For example, instead of saying ‘the sky was blue,’ try ‘the sky was a brilliant shade of cerulean.’ This not only provides more detail but also adds depth and complexity to your writing.

Another technique for writing powerful descriptions is by using figurative languages such as metaphors and similes. These literary devices help convey complex ideas or feelings in a concise yet impactful way. For instance, you could describe someone’s smile as ‘brighter than a shooting star’ or compare their eyes to ‘deep pools of emerald green.’

Incorporating these creative writing techniques into your work can make all the difference when it comes to engaging your readers and bringing your stories alive on the page. Keep practicing with adjective choices and experimenting with various forms of imagery until you find what works best for you.

Remember: good description should never feel forced or out-of-place within your narrative – it should blend seamlessly with the rest of your story like brushstrokes on canvas. By incorporating these tips into your writing, you’ll be well on your way to crafting unforgettable scenes that will leave lasting impressions on anyone who reads them.

Connecting Ideas

Creative writing techniques are essential for any writer, but connecting ideas is particularly important. Good writing involves weaving together different thoughts and concepts to create a cohesive piece that captures the reader’s attention.

One way to connect ideas is by using transitional phrases or words such as ‘however,’ ‘therefore,’ and ‘consequently.’ This helps to guide the reader from one idea to the next.

Another technique for connecting ideas is through the use of examples in creative writing. Providing concrete examples can make abstract concepts more tangible and relatable for readers. For instance, if you’re trying to explain the concept of love, describing specific moments between two people can be much more effective than simply stating its definition.

It’s also important to consider the structure of your writing when connecting ideas. Organizing your thoughts into clear sections or paragraphs can help ensure that each idea flows logically into the next. This allows readers to easily follow along with your thought process and fully engage with your work.

Incorporating these techniques will not only improve the quality of your writing but also showcase your creativity and innovation as a writer. By effectively connecting ideas, you’ll be able to craft compelling narratives that captivate readers from beginning to end.

So, keep practicing these strategies until they become second nature in all aspects of your writing!

Honing The Craft

Did you know that honing your craft is one of the most important aspects of good writing? According to a survey, writers who spend more time refining their skills tend to produce better quality work compared to those who do not.

So how can you hone your craft and become a better writer?

Firstly, it’s important to understand that many creative writing techniques can help you improve your craft. One such technique is practicing regularly. Writing every day, even if it’s just for ten minutes, can help you develop consistency and discipline in your writing.

Another way to hone your craft is by reading extensively. Reading widely exposes you to different styles, genres, and perspectives which can inspire new ideas and approaches in your writing.

Lastly, seeking feedback from others can also be incredibly helpful for improving your craft. Sharing your work with fellow writers or enrolling in a writing workshop or course allows you to receive constructive criticism on areas where you may need improvement.

Remember, honing your craft takes time and effort but incorporating these techniques into your routine can take you one step closer to becoming an exceptional writer.

Keep experimenting, keep learning, and don’t be afraid to take risks in pursuit of creativity!


Mastering these creative writing techniques will undoubtedly elevate your craft and bring life to your stories.

By focusing on imagery, dialogue, characters, plot, conflict, description, and connecting ideas, you’ll find that the worlds you create become more vivid and engaging for both yourself as a writer and for your audience.

Remember to always be open to honing your skills further; even experienced writers can benefit from revisiting these techniques and experimenting with new approaches.

As any dedicated tutor would advise: don’t be afraid of exploring uncharted territory in your writing journey!

By embracing parallelism in our prose while crafting compelling narratives, we are not only allowing ourselves to grow as writers but also creating an enjoyable experience for those who take the time to read our work.

Keep pushing boundaries and never stop learning – after all, isn’t that what being a true creative is all about?

Reference Articles

  2. “The writing technique as a component of the compositional process (on the examples of creative practice of the second half of the 20th – 21st centuries)”2
  3. “CATENA AND GLOSSES. Textualization through Spatial Writing and Materiality”3
  4. “Evaluating the Quality of “Top Techniques in the Teaching of Writing” Book as the Reference in Writing Course”4

Leave a Comment